Selected Publications

The Defense AI Observatory. 2023. ‘“Overtaking on the Curve?” Defense AI in China’ ( )

The Carter Center. 2023. ‘Finding Firmer Ground: The Role of High Technology in U.S.-China Relations’ (

The Stiftung Neue Verantwortung. 2023. ‘China Semiconductor Observatory – Baseline Report’ (

German Council of Foreign Relations (DGAP). 2023. ‘Europe’s Strategic Technology Autonomy From China’ Chapter: ‘Challenges of a rising Chinese chip design ecosystem’ (

South China Morning Post. 2023. ‘US-China decoupling: Beijing has options beyond Russia in navigating geopolitics of technology’ (

Think China. 2023. ‘Will US chip controls work on China?’ (

The Australia-China Relations Institute (UTS:ACRI). 2022. ‘China-Russia Cooperation in Advanced Technologies: The Future Global Balance of Power and the Limits of ‘Unlimited’ Partnership’ (

Directions: Cyber Digital Europe. 2022. ‘Taiwan, China and Semiconductors’ ( )

‘The CPC and Sovereignty in a Digitally Connected World’.  2022. In Frank N. Pieke and Bert Hofman (eds). CPC Futures: The New Era of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics (The NUS E-Press: CPC Futures)

 ‘Ask the Experts: Is China’s Semiconductor Strategy Working?’ Ask the Experts: Is China’s Semiconductor Strategy Working? | China Dialogues ( 

International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)’. 2022. ‘Strategic Settings for 6G: Pathways for China and the US’ (

IFRI – Institut français des relations internationales . 2022. ‘Cyberspace Governance in China: Evolution, Features and Future Trends’ ; (

Leiden Asia Centre. 2022. ‘China’s Standardisation System – trends, implications and case studies in emerging technologies’; ( )

The Digital Power China research consortium (DPC). With Jan-Peter Kleinhans. 2022. “Europe’s dependence on Chinese semiconductor manufacturing”. China’s Digital Power: Assessing the Implications for the EU; (

Lowy Institue. 2020. ‘China, Australia, and the Internet of Things’ ; (China, Australia, and the Internet of Things (


Oxford Analytica. 2021. ‘ Washington will rethink its foreign chip strategy’ ;(

Mercator Institute for China Studies and Stiftung Neue Verantwortung. With Jan-Peter Kleinhans. 2021. ‘China’s rise in semiconductors and Europe: Recommendations for policy makers’. ; (

John Lee. 2021. “Taiwan: Microchips as a Life Insurance Policy”. Limes, Italian Review of Geopolitics. (

John Lee and Jan-Peter Kleinhans. 2021. “Mapping China’s semiconductor ecosystem in global context: Strategic dimensions and conclusions.”; (

MERICS. 2021. ‘The Connection of Everything: China and the Internet of Things’; (

MERICS. 2021. “The CCP’s Next Century: expanding economic control, digital governance and national security.” (

RUSI. 2021. “Blocking the Flow: Data legislation and the EU-US-China triangle.”; (

MERICS / European Chamber of Commerce in China. 2021. “Decoupling – Severed Ties and Patchwork Globalization”. (

With Jan-Peter Kleinhans. The Diplomat. 2020. “Would China Invade Taiwan for TSMC?”; (

With Jan-Peter Kleinhans. The Diplomat. 2020. “Taiwan, Chips, and Geopolitics: Part 1”.; (

The Diplomat. 2020. “The Global War for 5G Heats up”.; (

With Peter Layton. The China Story. 2020. “Principles of Australian grand strategy for China.”; (

The Diplomat. 2020. “China Steps up the Long March to 5G”; (

The China Story. 2020. “Will China reinvent the Internet?”; (

John Lee. 2019. “If Hong Kong jumps, the alternative is Shenzhen”. Limes, Italian Review of Geopolitics; (

John Lee. 2019. “What should Australia do about PRC-US technology competition?” China Matters; (

‘Decoupling from China: Cutting the Gordian Knot’. Lowy Interpreter, 9/11/2018; (

‘Killing Chimerica’. Lowy Interpreter, 19/10/2018; (

‘The Twelve Regions of China: Past and Present’. The Diplomat, 17/7/2017 (series of seventeen articles published July-August 2017); (

‘The Rise of China’s Tech Sector: The Digital Great Game’. Lowy Interpreter, 5/5/2017; (

‘The Rise of China’s Tech Sector: The Making of an Internet Empire’. Lowy Interpreter, 4/5/2017; (

‘The New Chinese Diaspora’. Lowy Interpreter, 31/3/2017; (

‘Floating nuclear plants and safety zones: Another looming problem in the South China Sea?’ Lowy Interpreter, 26/8/2016; (

‘South China Sea: The Problems of an Ambitious Award’. Asian Politics & Policy 9(1) January 2017 (republished); ( (

‘China’s interests at stake in the South China Sea ruling.’ East Asia Forum, 2/8/2016; (

‘Where to for China’s “historic rights” in the South China Sea?’ The Diplomat, 2/8/2016; (

‘The China’s diaspora’s role in the rise of China’. East Asia Forum, 15/9/2016; (

‘Innovation in China: more than a fast follower?’ The Diplomat, 9/6/16; (

‘The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: An Australian Response.’ Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Policy Analysis series, March 2008; (